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Experience has taught that complications can arise as a result of improper handling of trucks during periods of storage. The main areas of concern are engines, hydraulic components and truck batteries. I.C.E powered forklifts can be best protected by being operated for a short period of time each month.
Before placing any forklift in storage, you must choose an area which is clean, dry and free from airborne contaminates. Trucks powered by I.C.E must be started and run at 700 ROM until normal operating temperature is reached. This will coat the internal engine components with a film of oil and rid the engine of built-up condensations.
! Caution Do not shut down an engine before it reaches operating temperature. Engine damage can occur.
For Safety and increase usable floor area, remove the forks and tag them with the truck serial number. Prior to operating a truck each month, make a visual inspection for leaks and or signs of deterioration. Take corrective action immediately. Also, check the fluid level in the radiator, hydraulic tank and brake master cylinder.
All hydraulic cylinders must be cycled several times each month to keep the seals active and to coat the interior walls with oil. Actuate each cylinder, in both directions, until it reaches the stops. To protect the tilt cylinder rods, park your trucks with the mast tilted fully backward (cylinders retracted).
When parked with the power off, actuate each control handle to relieve hydraulic pressure.
! Caution – Mast are to be stored fully lowered to protect cylinder rods.
Coat any exposed portion of all cylinder rods with fresh, high grade SAE 30 or 40 Weight engine oil. Install blocks, front and rear, at the drive wheels when parked – Do Not Use the Hand Brake
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The best handling solutions involve the least handling. Handling adds to the cost but not to the value of the product. The choice of the right equipment or system to optimize material flow is broadly a definition of MATERIAL HANDLING and includes cranes, conveyors, automated vehicles, tractors, free ranging forklifts, order pickers, stackers and pallet trucks.
The Unit Load
Product, whether they can be cartons, bags, cans bottles, drums or sacks are assembled together to form a load. The commonly used base on which unit loads are formed are flat wooden (sometimes plastic) pallets, ISO Containers, roll cages and tote bins. Others are stillages, box and cage pallets, bulk containers, for example.
Products are often handled without pallets using specialized attachments in place of forks: Bales, white foods, cookers, carpets, tyres, drums, beer kegs, paper rolls and milk crates are just some of the many products where attachments are utilized.
It is essential to consider all aspects of an application in order to ensure that the most suitable equipment is specified and the best handling solution selected, Important factors are :
The load and the Pallet of other load base type
a) Pallet details
Length, width, depth; type ie any base boards; pallet under hang under forks; are the base boards chamfered ? two or four way access ?
b) Load details
Weight; length when stacked on pallet; width when stacked on pallet; overall height of load and pallet; type of load; cartons, bags, sacks e.t.c; is the load shrink wrapped ?
Type of storage
Block stack, fixed racking, mobile racking and so on.
What is the maximum top shelf height onto which loads must be lifted ? This will determine height of lift and define nominal and residual capacities. The forks have to lift the pallet above the top shelf with sufficient under clearance to place the load on the top shelf (mast defections must also be taken into account).
Is there sufficient clear headroom over the stacking area with the mast fully raised ?
Note any overhead obstructions either in the aisle or on the travelling route. This will determine whether free lift or triplex masts are necessary.
Allow for possible future changes to the application.
To determine whether pedestrian or rider equipment is required the average and maximum distances covered in a typical work cycle need to be established. Sometimes a tractor/trailer system may be the preferable method.
The Length of any gradient is important as well as its surface and slope. This determines the truck and battery capacity and sometimes, the type of wheel/tyre equipment. It is also very pertinent to record the types of surfaces on the level areas.
Working area and duty
Inside or outside, order picking, lorry loading/unloading, loading docks, containers stuffing, public roads.
Careful study and definition is needed.
Operating in a cold store ? Ambient temperature ? Abrasive /Dusty atmosphere? Hazardous material? Brine or salty conditions ? Chemicals ?
- Hours per shift and number of shifts
- Numbers of pallets in and pallets out per shift
- Any Peak periods ? If so when.
- Electricity supply, ie. Single phase, three phase .
- Delivery Access: ground level/loading dock.
- How Many loading docks.
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We have written about this many times, the rise of the Chinese made forklift in the Australian Materials Handling Market. It is no longer just Chinese manufacturers like HangCha or Sany that are pushing their way into the forklift market.
Linde have taken it further than most other forklift producers, and are now bringing in their own Chinese forklift brand to cater for the low utilisation and low cost niche forklift market. Linde are bringing in the Baoli range of forklifts.
Starting at 1.8T through to 10T with different mast heights and attachments available, the Baoli forklift is made in China and imported into Australia, and is distributed through the Linde branch network.
The smaller range of forklifts will come with an Isuzu C240 Diesel engine or the standard K21 or K25 LPG Nissan engine.
The 4Ton – 5Ton forklifts come with Yanmar diesels engines the 7Ton range come with Mitsubishi S6S diesel engine and the 8T – 10T come with Isuzu diesel engines.
The Baoli Forklift Standard
The standard of the Baoli forklift manufacture is very typical of Chinese manufacturing. These forklifts are a standard torque convertor forklift and are worlds apart from the Linde Hydrostatic transmission forklift. The support and backup you can expect is again very typical of Linde in Australia.
How Long Have Baoli Forklift been Around ?
Baoli have been manufacturing the range of forklifts for over 8 years, and have only been part of the Kion group since 2009. The Kion group also own the Linde forklift brand. So as far as length of time in the Australian Market not very long.
Chinese brands like the EP range of forklifts have been imported and supported for much longer in the Australian Materials Handling Market.
How do they Stack up Price wise ?
To be honest, whilst Chinese manufactured forklifts have a place in the market. They squarely fill the more budget conscious end of the market. The Baoli Forklifts are in the upper end of the price range when comparing other Chinese imported forklifts. This has more to do with the Linde business then the actual forklift itself.
The Wash up
There is clearly a market requirement for Chinese Forklifts in the Australian market. The Baoli forklift range certainly fits into that category. But make sure you compare with other forklifts a EP CPQD25N has a Nissan K21 Engine and a Baoli CPQD25 also has a Nissan K21 Engine, but the prices you might be paying are vastly different.
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The BASIS OF RATING for a conventional 2.5T forklift is simple, and something that forklifts operators should have a basic understanding of. The basis of rated and alternative capacities of a truck shall be the strength of its various components and stability in accordance with the requirements at the time of manufacture.
Where operating conditions differ from normal (e.g. different attachment, abnormal movement, inclined or rough surfaces, position or attitude of the truck or part of the truck when required to handle a load), it may be necessary to use either a truck with a greater rated capacity or a specially designed truck as appropriate to the special conditions.
All forklift capacities must be given by the manufacturer of the Forklift, and different things can added to or changed on the forklift can drastically change the RATED Capacity.
If you are unsure of what your rated capacity is of your forklift, just check the rating plate that is fitted to the forklift. If the rating plate is not visible, contact the manufacturer of the forklift and ask for a rating plate (you will pay a fee for this). They will ask you for the specifications of the forklift calculate the rated capacity and give you a stamped rating plate.
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At the end of the day forklifts are a tool. Where they are generally used in businesses or in places where there is a need to pick up a load (pallet) and carry it from A to B. So the question really is, are all forklifts created equal ? We’ve covered this a few times now, in the last 5 years in Australia, there has been a huge influx of Chinese made forklifts in the Australian market (Almost 25% of the forklift market).
So if you were looking at a replacing an existing 2.5T forklift with a new 2.5T forklift, does it really matter what it is if they both lift 2500 kgs to 4 meters. ?
Well there are certain things you need to consider when looking to purchase any forklift, that will make the world of difference :
One of the first things to consider is how many hours a week are you doing with it.
- If your only doing 5- 10 hours a week, would you spend top dollar and get a premium forklift like a Linde, which can cost north of $40 000 for Linde’s 392 series forklift.
Or would you consider a Chinese model that like a HangCha H25XF that you could purchase for $25 000 depending on the specifications.
The environment is a crucial part of the decision making process when you start thinking about forklifts.
- Is it dusty, is it clean, are there ramps, is it operating outside, or inside, in a freezer.
The environment that you operate your forklift in can tell you a lot about what forklift you need to choose.
Whats the forklift doing ?, is it unloading trucks and carting a pallet into a warehouse and in to racking. Well you might need to consider either a reach truck or a standard counterbalanced forklift.
- How high is the racking, does it go through low doors,
How much budget do you really have ?
- How much money do you really want to spend, are you looking to purchase it outright or rent it.
So are all forklifts created equal ?l, the simple answer is no, there is a forklift for every requirement you might have.
Additional things you might want to consider are things like :
They can range form 250 hours to 1000 hours on the same capacity forklift
With the Chinese forklift market developing in Australia, there are now plenty of places to buy parts from. But it always pays to check before moving forward with a purchase, there are some brands on the market with no local back up or support.
This really does go hand in hand with the parts availability, how much does it cost to service ?. With a lot of the more modern forklifts, they now need trained technicians that can use a laptop for diagnosing any issue the unit might be having.
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If you have decided its time to sell your forklift, weather its to upgrade your forklift, or maybe your business needs have changed. There are many ways you can sell your used forklift., it can get a bit daunting, but here’s a few tips that might make it easier for you to navigate.
Know what its worth
Its simple, everything has a value, but it is pointless if you are trying to sell a Hyster H2.50DX for $20 000 when they are being advertised for sale as a used forklift for $10 000 in your area.
To get a gauge of what its worth, you can visit our listing page and search for similar makes and models of equipment, or even talk to your local dealer to get an idea.
Set a budget for selling
Forklifts sell just like cars, but you will need to spend a little bit of money of either getting it in shape for sale or possibly cost of advertising. Weather it be an online portal such as ForkliftMarket , or through conventional sales methods such as newspapers, so make sure you set a dollar value you are prepared to spend, you don’t want to spend $1000 in advertising, where you might get better value for $60 in an online ad.
What condition are you selling it in
As a private sale you really don’t need to worry about selling with terms, other then As is where is (make sure all safety features work – as a minimum condition) , but if you are a dealer, you really need to consider do you offer warranty,
Make sure you get the money
Its just like anything, when you sell, make sure you get the money of the purchaser. At a minimum make sure you are sure if you are repairing it, to what condition you are repairing it to. Do all safety features work, ie horn, lights seat belts, beepers.
Its all ways a good idea to give the buyer a copy of your service records, It can generate trust and show your not hiding anything that might be majorly wrong with your forklift.
So there they are the top 5 tips for selling your forklift, remember do your research and make sure you get the value you want.
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