Welcome, visitor! [ Register | Login

The Basic Principles of Materials Handling

Forklifts October 16, 2016

The best handling solutions involve the least handling.  Handling adds to the cost but not to the value of the product.  The choice of the right equipment or system to optimize material flow is broadly a definition of MATERIAL HANDLING and includes cranes, conveyors, automated vehicles, tractors, free ranging forklifts, order pickers, stackers and pallet trucks.

The Unit Load

Product, whether they can be cartons, bags, cans bottles, drums or sacks are assembled together to form a load.  The commonly used base on which unit loads are formed are flat wooden (sometimes plastic) pallets, ISO Containers, roll cages and tote bins. Others are stillages, box and cage pallets, bulk containers, for example.

Pallet Handling

Products are often handled without pallets using specialized attachments in place of forks: Bales, white foods, cookers, carpets, tyres, drums, beer kegs, paper rolls and milk crates are just some of the many products where attachments are utilized.

The Application

It is essential to consider all aspects of an application in order to ensure that the most suitable equipment is specified and the best handling solution selected,  Important factors are :

The load and the Pallet of other load base type

a) Pallet details

    Length, width, depth; type ie any base boards; pallet under hang under forks; are the base boards chamfered ? two or four way access ?

b) Load details

   Weight; length when stacked on pallet; width when stacked on pallet; overall height of load and pallet; type of load; cartons, bags, sacks e.t.c; is the load shrink wrapped ?

Type of storage

Block stack, fixed racking, mobile racking and so on.

Stack Height

What is the maximum top shelf height onto which loads must be lifted ? This will determine height of lift and define nominal and residual capacities.  The forks have to lift the pallet above the top shelf with sufficient under clearance to place the load on the top shelf (mast defections must also be taken into account).

Overhead Obstructions

Is there sufficient clear headroom over the stacking area with the mast fully raised ?

Note any overhead obstructions either in the aisle or on the travelling route.  This will determine whether free lift or triplex masts are necessary.

Allow for possible future changes to the application.

Distances

To determine whether pedestrian or rider equipment is required the average and maximum distances covered in a typical work cycle need to be established. Sometimes a tractor/trailer system may be the preferable method.

Surfaces/gradients

The Length of any gradient is important as well as its surface and slope.  This determines the truck and battery capacity and sometimes, the type of wheel/tyre equipment.  It is also very pertinent to record the types of surfaces on the level areas.

Working area and duty

Inside or outside, order picking, lorry loading/unloading, loading docks, containers stuffing, public roads.

Careful study and definition is needed.

Environment

Operating in a cold store ? Ambient temperature ? Abrasive /Dusty atmosphere? Hazardous material? Brine or salty conditions ? Chemicals ?

Other Factors

  • Hours per shift and number of shifts
  • Numbers of pallets in and pallets out per shift
  • Any Peak periods ? If so when.
  • Electricity supply, ie. Single phase, three phase .
  • Delivery Access: ground level/loading dock.
  • How Many loading docks.

1070 total views, 1 today

  • Bolzoni Auramo

    Bolzoni Auramo release the Stainless Steel Coated Fork Tyne

    by on July 16, 2017 - 0 Comments

    The latest release from Bolzoni Auramo is the stainless steel coated fork tynes which are perfect for the spark free areas The stainless-steel-cladded forklift forks are the best option for areas that must be kept spark free. These areas include explosive environments where paint, chemicals and explosives are handled. These forks are also a great choice for […]

  • Forklift Checklist

    A Forklift Checklist And Why You Need To Use Them

    by on July 5, 2017 - 0 Comments

    It is part of forklift licencing in Australia that before starting a forklift checklist should be completed on the forklift, or what is referred to as a pre-start forklift checklist. Below you can find examples of 4 areas that should be done as part of a Forklift safety checklists that should be carried out by forklift users. Please note that […]

  • forklift driver training

    Why You Need Forklift Driver Training

    by on July 13, 2017 - 0 Comments

    Forklift Driver Training has changed plenty in the last year as has workplace training.  The onus is on the business to provide a safe workplace and training for its employees.  A business needs to make sure that their forklift operators are sufficiently trained as well as licensed to operate. More and more in today’s business […]

  • Tips For Buying Used Forklifts

    by on July 19, 2017 - 0 Comments

    If you are out looking at used forklifts to buy, there has never been a better time in the materials handling market.  There are plenty of bargains you can pick up, weather its a 2.5T Yale forklift or a 16T SMV Forklift, but as always there are some things you really need to be aware […]

  • flameproof forklifs

    Flameproofing Forklifts

    by on August 9, 2017 - 0 Comments

    Flameproofing forklifts, is actually a very common requirement in the necessary environment. Flameproofing of material handling equipment is the science of reducing the risk of an explosion or fire by means of specialized principles and technologies. The risk occurs wherever a flammable or combustible material is handled. This is not only confined to the mining […]